As we all know, the ovaries in a womans body are responsible for the creation of eggs, and this process is conducted in a periodic or cyclical manner. Every four weeks women have periods because of this process, and if menstruation is missing – a baby is on the way.
However, pregnancy is not the only cause of missing periods, and older women also experience the same thing. In other words, somewhere around the age of 50, the woman’s body begins to change, and reproductive organs are “shutting down” their activities.
Ovaries stop producing eggs every four or five weeks, and periods are consequently gone as well.
However, this phase also brings a couple of very inconvenient and unpleasant side-effects, and these symptoms can be physical, emotional or even psychological.
The official medical term for this unique and challenging stage in the life of every woman is menopause, and the average year for the appearance if this condition is 52. Of course, not all women are the same, and some of them experience the first symptoms at 45 while others “wait” until they are 55 years old.
The importance of hormones
Menopause is a peculiar health condition, and it has specific characteristics. Some of the most common symptoms of this phase are hot flushes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, loss of sex drive, etc.
Because of these symptoms, women can have problems in their love life, in the relations with their family, or even at the professional level, and all of this can be very difficult to handle. The cause of all of these “problems” is the lack of two highly important hormones – estrogen and progesterone, and they are the ones who regulate many aspects of our behavior.
The role of estrogen is to release the eggs from the ovaries and progesterone is involved in preparing the womb for pregnancy. Once their reproductive function of the ovaries is over, the lack of these hormones causes a chain reaction that leaves a woman’s body in an unknown situation, and those inconvenient symptoms start to appear as a natural reaction.
The role of hormone replacement therapy
Luckily for the vast majority of women, modern medicine has come up with a solution to their problems, and this solution is called Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).
As the name clearly suggests, this treatment acts a replacement for those natural hormones that are now lacking, and instead of them – women receive artificial hormones in sufficient doses so that their bodies could once again function in a normal way.This therapy is in use since the 1960s, or even 1940s according to some sources, and although there has been some controversy about the negative side-effects of this method doctors still prescribe Hormone Replacement Therapy.
HRT comes in many forms, and patients can take a cream or gel, tablets, implants, or skin patches, and all of these methods have their pros and cons. The treatment itself is still causing confusion in the medical world, but the majority of doctors will agree that Hormone Replacement Therapy is the most efficient method to control the symptoms of menopause.