As we all know, the ovaries in a womans body are responsible for the creation of eggs, and this process is conducted in a periodic or cyclical manner. Every four weeks women have periods because of this process, and if menstruation is missing – a baby is on the way.
However, pregnancy is not the only cause of missing periods, and older women also experience the same thing. In other words, somewhere around the age of 50, the woman’s body begins to change, and reproductive organs are “shutting down” their activities.
Ovaries stop producing eggs every four or five weeks, and periods are consequently gone as well.
However, this phase also brings a couple of very inconvenient and unpleasant side-effects, and these symptoms can be physical, emotional or even psychological.
The official medical term for this unique and challenging stage in the life of every woman is menopause, and the average year for the appearance if this condition is 52. Of course, not all women are the same, and some of them experience the first symptoms at 45 while others “wait” until they are 55 years old.
The importance of hormones
Menopause is a peculiar health condition, and it has specific characteristics. Some of the most common symptoms of this phase are hot flushes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, loss of sex drive, etc.
Because of these symptoms, women can have problems in their love life, in the relations with their family, or even at the professional level, and all of this can be very difficult to handle. The cause of all of these “problems” is the lack of two highly important hormones – estrogen and progesterone, and they are the ones who regulate many aspects of our behavior.
The role of estrogen is to release the eggs from the ovaries and progesterone is involved in preparing the womb for pregnancy. Once their reproductive function of the ovaries is over, the lack of these hormones causes a chain reaction that leaves a woman’s body in an unknown situation, and those inconvenient symptoms start to appear as a natural reaction.
The role of hormone replacement therapy
Luckily for the vast majority of women, modern medicine has come up with a solution to their problems, and this solution is called Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).
As the name clearly suggests, this treatment acts a replacement for those natural hormones that are now lacking, and instead of them – women receive artificial hormones in sufficient doses so that their bodies could once again function in a normal way.This therapy is in use since the 1960s, or even 1940s according to some sources, and although there has been some controversy about the negative side-effects of this method doctors still prescribe Hormone Replacement Therapy.
HRT comes in many forms, and patients can take a cream or gel, tablets, implants, or skin patches, and all of these methods have their pros and cons. The treatment itself is still causing confusion in the medical world, but the majority of doctors will agree that Hormone Replacement Therapy is the most efficient method to control the symptoms of menopause.
More than 80 percent of woman experience menopausal signs when they attain their 40s. While a portion of this percentage of ladies that have moderate to extreme symptoms, other are pressured to take HRT into consideration.
This occurs when the pain turns into too much to undergo. Those signs and symptoms can remain extra than girls assume. Some girls ought to deal with hot flashes of pain, sweating, sleepless night for greater than six years.
HRT continues to be to these days the simplest method for treating menopausal signs and symptoms. Here we can talk numerous subjects regarding menopause and everything that incorporates it.
The need for HRT.
After it was located and proved to deal with menopause successfully, HRT has emerged as extremely famous.Beginning with hormone replacement therapy is not suggested for girls over the age of 60 years.For women that upfront inputs their menopause, it is not recommended HRT initially as well. So it’s pleasant for women in their 50s to 60s, as the dangers for most cancers are smaller.
Herbal menopause can arise after a woman reaches her 50s. As they input their menopause, estrogen ranges are reduced. This causes the pain, sweating swelling and mood modifications.
The blessings of HRT.
It is far verified to be the great and handiest method for lowering vasomotor symptoms. They are normally relieved, after 3 to 4 weeks of taking the HRT. As compared to placebo therapy, there was recorded that HRT relieves how flashes in eighty percentage of ladies that take estrogen and progestin pills.
It can enhance the satisfactory of life, sleep first-class and muscle aches in menopausal women. HRT additionally influences mood changes and despair issues. It is recorded to raise temper additionally. Undergoing Cognitive remedy may help with menopausal troubles.
A couple of research have shown that HRT improves sexual function and vaginal dryness. As intercourse drive is decreased in girls in menopause scientists created a manner to do something positive about this problem as nicely.
Vaginal signs are relieved as nicely, soothing the pain and vaginal atrophy. Different techniques of treating menopausal symptoms may also assist. HRT is proving to be the satisfactory, with the most important percent of satisfied ladies in menopause.
It is also effective in treating osteoporosis as stages of estrogen are accelerated using taking this remedy. Estrogen will increase the bone density so that bone tissue regenerates in individuals who have osteoporosis.
So as we’ve seen the symptoms that follow menopause aren’t smooth to bear. There are placebo cures as properly. They normally consist of non-powerful remedy. But estrogen and progestin tablets truly have a few effects on girl frame in menopause.
That is why scientists are creating a manner to decorate this method and reduce the risk of most cancers that includes elevated risks of estrogen in woman body.
Breast cancer, uterus most cancers, they are all associated with better ranges of estrogen. Growing a stability with the aid of taking progestin continues to be to nowadays the excellent approach for treating menopausal signs.
There is that joke naming symptoms of menopause after seven dwarves: itchy, bitchy, sweaty, sleepy, bloated, forgetful and psycho.
Though women are experiencing unpleasant effects of postmenopause probably it won’t find it so funny as expected since it reflects the actual state.
Menopause is the last period in every woman’s life followed by a postmenopausal period of life when the reproductive system starts to shut down.
The ovaries are not functioning anymore. This means that not only egg cells are not being produced anymore, but also ovarian hormones, estrogen, and progesterone.
Depleting hormone levels are at the root of all symptoms, many health risks, and problems women face during postmenopause.
Hot flashes, night sweating, troubles sleeping, mood swings, various body reactions to hormonal changes are just some of the most frequent symptoms women struggle with that can truly influence the quality of their lives.
In a long run, estrogen deficiency causes bone thinning, so called osteoporosis and many vaginal symptoms.
For decades, doctors have been trying to treat and prevent all of these effects by applying artificial hormones, and it did help.
The problem occurred when large-scale studies found long-term side effects and some serious health risks caused by this hormone replacement therapy.
So, nowadays, hormone replacement therapy remains the best treatment for all menopause symptoms, but the indications for its use are more rigorous. Not all the women should go for this therapy as a solution or prevention.
When hormone therapy is the good guy
There are women truly struggling with severe symptoms of estrogen deficiency, and their postmenopausal life can lose its quality significantly.
Either they experience very unpleasant hot flashes, troubles sleeping, troubles concentrating or their mood swings and depression can impact their career and family life.
Some women show significant and fast thinning of bones which could easily lead them to bone fractures.
When all this becomes tough to cope in any way other than therapy, hormone supplementation is recommended.
This particularly stands for women whose menopause occurred at an early age, before 45, because they are at high risk of all these complications. In all these cases, benefits of hormone therapy are higher and more important compared to potential health risks.
When hormone therapy is the bad guy
The greatest problems and health risks coming with hormone products are possible malignant diseases, especially breast cancer, as well as cardiovascular problems.
This includes heart attacks, strokes, atherosclerosis, blood clotting and thrombosis, usually in the veins of low extremities or lungs.
All the women who previously suffered any of these conditions or they report positive family history referring these illnesses, should not be treated with hormone replacement therapy.
Some other methods are available. These approaches are not as effective as estrogen and progesterone supplements, but they are less threatening to patient’s health.
Osteoporosis can be prevented with bisphosphonates and physical therapy. Some radical lifestyle changes can also be very useful.
Either way, you should consult your doctor, analyze your condition and lab results carefully and make the right decision according to highly personalized approach to the problem.
Many people fail to realize the full extent of the menopause and all of its effects a woman has to go through. And I’m not talking only about men, but some women don’t know a lot about menopause.
And some those do know some basic stuff about that period of life. But without some further research, many of the women enter that phase of the life unprepared. That is not something you would want to go through.
With some knowledge of the menopause, you will be able to recognize the early signs and decide how you should counter it.
Below this you will find symptoms of the menopause as well as some additional info on each of them. With this, you will have better info when you come to the point to choose between hormone replacement therapy and its alternatives.
Physical symptoms of the Menopause
Lower fertility ensues due to lower levels of estrogen in the body. This happens in the peri-menopausal stage. A woman can stay fertile with mixed hormone replacement therapy. This will not increase the chances of pregnancy, but it will make sure that you have chances to get pregnant.
Hot Flashes are sudden feelings of heat in upper part of the body. It can start in any part of the upper body, and it will spread to other regions. Skin reddens and becomes patchy, and that is followed by the sweat.
Irregular periods may be the first symptom of the menopause. In general, the medicine recognizes the menopause just if a woman didn’t have periods for a whole year. Irregular periods are the first sign of the coming phase of life.
Discomfort and itching follow vaginal dryness. Some extreme cases also report pain during sex aka dyspareunia. This happens due to lack of the hormone that keeps the inner area of vagina wet.
Night sweats are hot flashes that occur when the woman is in the bed. The phrase refers to sweat that covers the bed and the night clothes. These episodes last up to few minutes.
Urinary problems manifest in frequent urination as well as high susceptibility to urinary tract infections. Cystitis is one of the more common infections that may occur.
Mental symptoms of the Menopause
Disturbed sleep may be caused by the night sweats, but it can also be the result of a mental issue. The problem in question is the anxiety. AS the menopause progresses, the number of peaceful nights goes down.
Moodiness is caused by the disturbed sleep, and thus they come together. The lack of quality sleep creates moodiness that can last for a whole day.
Focusing and learning issues are also symptoms of the menopause and postmenopausal hormone imbalance. Menopause causes short-term memory problems, and that disturbs concentration as well.
A woman in this stage of her life has to go slow. She has to understand that the feeling of powerlessness will pass and that in next couple of years their memory will become as sharp as it was before.
In short, the hormone replacement therapy uses medications that replace the hormones that woman’s body stops producing once menopause starts. The hormones in question are estrogen and progesterone.
In the beginning, people advertised this therapy as a way to reduce the risk of several critical conditions, but a large trial changed the opinion of the masses. The trial showed the risks the HRT carries, and this reduced the amount of women who went with it. Following tests revealed the flaws in that trial and once again the therapy became a widely used medication that fights against the negative menopause symptoms. Right now the HRT is recommended to women who suffer from those symptoms, but some guidelines exist to reduce the risk of several conditions the therapy may cause.
Hormone replacement therapy – Benefits and risks
The benefits of HRT vary depending on the type of the treatment a woman undergoes.
A systematic hormone therapy uses estrogen as only hormone and it is given to women that removed their uterus. They can take it as pills, skin patches, creams or other alternative forms. This type of treatment is the most efficient form of HRT when it comes to dealing with hot flashes and night sweats. This hormone also works well in treating other symptoms including vaginal dryness, discomfort, and burning during the intercourse.
The Food and Drug Administration still recommends this type of treatment as a good way to counter osteoporosis. Doctors are reluctant to prescribe this treatment, and they usually opt for bisphosphonates for this condition.
Low-dose vaginal therapy utilizes lower doses of estrogen (in ring, tablet and cream forms) to directly treat vaginal dryness and other symptoms directly connected to that particular area of the body. This type of treatment has no effect against night sweats and hot flashes.
Aggressive hormone replacement therapy will increase the risk of breast cancer, heart disease, stroke and blood clots. That is why doctors evaluate their patients on a regular basis. Women who went through hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) have a lower risk of these conditions and no increased risk of heart disease and breast cancer.
It all depends on the type of treatment and dosage. HRT that combines both estrogen and progestin make the breasts denser which reduces the chance of breast cancer detection. Prolonged use of this therapy increases the chance of breast cancer. The percentage of risk increase depends on the aggressiveness of the treatment. HRT that uses low amounts of these hormones has a subtle effect on risk of those conditions.
Who should undergo HRT?
The hormone replacement therapy isn’t a mandatory treatment. It’s up to a woman to decide whether they want to go through it or not. Doctors may advise women to go through the therapy, but they can’t force it upon them.
Women that experience severe (or even moderate) hot flashes or other symptoms mentioned above should undergo this treatment. Women who didn’t experience positive effects from other treatments should consider the hormone replacement therapy as well.
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